Travel Related Non-Infectious Hazards
Depending upon a traveler's itinerary and means of transportation, he or she could encounter a variety of environmental hazards. Being prepared for such encounters is an important aspect of planning for international travel.
Some of the non-infectious hazards for which international travelers should anticipate and prepare for are below:
- Air Travel - decreased cabin barometric pressure, deep venous thrombosis risk
- Jet Lag
- Motion Sickness
- Excessive sun exposure
- Extreme Heat and Cold
- dehydration, heat stroke
- hypothermia, frostbite
- Altitude illness
- Water recreation
- Drowning, boating & diving accidents
- Biological and chemical contamination
- Injuries, particularly those due to automobile accidents, are a leading cause of death in international travelers.
- Animal exposures - In some areas of the world rabies is endemic. Avoidance of exposure to animals both wild and domestic is advised (particularly for children). It is crucial that travelers understand that in the event of a mammalian animal bite that they seek medical attention immediately to initiate a post-exposure rabies vaccine series.
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